What is Domain, What Does It Do?


Domain is the name of your website. The main purpose of a domain is to help visitors find your website as briefly as possible. In other words, a website with a quality domain name is the showcase of your business in the market. People get an idea about your website by looking at the domain extension and its content. Domains are controlled by an organization called ICANN. ICANN indicates that domain extensions are available and maintains a central database of domain names pointing to. Every website you actively visit consists of two main elements: Domain and web hosting.


1. Web Hosting is a physical machine that hosts the files and databases from which your website is created and sends your site to people on the internet when they visit it from their machine.

2. Domain is the name that users type to access your site and redirects the web browser to the server that stores these resources. Without a domain, people need to remember the specific IP address of your server. 


  • How Do Domain Extensions Work?

Domains work by acting as a shortcut to the server that hosts your website. Without a domain, anyone who wants to visit your website has to enter their full IP address. But the problem is that an IP address is hard for people to memorize or add to advertising materials. Dealing with server settings and IP addresses can be both confusing and time-consuming. For this reason, the vast majority of website owners generally prefer to rent annual web hosting packages. Internet users can also use redirects that let you specify that if they visit your domain, they will be automatically redirected to another site. This can be useful for campaigns and micro-sites, or to direct users to custom landing pages on your main site. Different Domain ExtensionsAll domains do not carry the same extension. .com domains account for 46.5% of all global websites, while other domains such as .org and .net are overused. In general, the most common domain types include: 


  • TLD: Top Level Domain

Top Level Domain Names are the most registered domain name type in the internet domain name system. There are more than two thousand TLDs but the most common ones are .com, .org, .net, and .info. The official list of TLDs is regulated by an organization called the "Internet Corporation for Assigned Numbers" (IANA). 


  • ccTLD: Country Code Top-Level Domain Extensions

ccTLDs use only two letters and use international country codes, such as .us for the United States and .jp for Japan. It is often used by companies that create custom sites for specific regions. Apart from Turkey and America, many countries publish their sites with their country coded domain extension. 


  • gTLD: Public top-level domains

A gTLD is basically a top-level domain that is not bound to a country code. However, you don't need to meet any specific criteria to register a gTLD, so a .com domain may not be used for commercial purposes. Other examples of gTLDs include .org (for nonprofits and organizations) and .net. 

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